Tag: Ruchell Magee
Restrictions on First Amendment speech rights warrant congressional investigation – later for impeachment
by Ruchell Cinque Magee
According to the Democrats, considerable efforts are being made to commence an impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump because Trump told the government in Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden’s son.
The same Democrats – mainly Joe Biden – supported Jim Crow restrictions in the Antiterrorist Act that was put in the law books by Bill Clinton in 1996, which told corrupted judges to deny indigent prisoners access to court. This act amounts to TREASON against the United States Constitution, making the First Amendment a deception.
According to federal law governing the writ of habeas corpus, no government restrictions may be allowed regarding the filing by people complaining of illegal government restraints.
The Supreme Court in 1963 made a decision entitled Fay vs. Noia (372 U.S. 391, 83 S. Ct. 822, 9 L. Ed. 2d 837), which upheld 200 years of no restrictions on habeas corpus filing.
Why? Because the lack of restrictions impeached those arguments in favor of keeping indigent people in prison on false convictions, once judged criminal or slave. However, since a war was building in Arab country – killings on both sides – the word TERRORIST has become the foundation for White Supremacy to make its move against peoples of color in the name of protecting the public. Meaning, there existed no one to publicly remind the American people that the Jim Crow device would encourage the poison growth of White Supremacy covering up its mob trial frameups.
Legal or political arguments today against endless miscarriage of justice in government frameups brought to public attention will remove all restrictions on the First Amendment, giving back the protective writ of habeas corpus as a fundamental right.
Denial of access to court to people who have been wronged by society shows clearly that actual prejudice exists. Judges ignoring the fact are equally guilty as the politicians who put that garbage in the law books.
A very long time being denied access to court without being able to raise my voice against a political frameup is worse than doing time in solitary confinement!
A lawsuit pending in federal court shows that the jurors on my state trial presented their acquittal. It asks for an injunction to stop the use of all government restrictions in violation of the double jeopardy clause of the United States Constitution’s Fifth and 14th Amendments.
The lawsuit is entitled Ruchell Cinque Magee vs. Steven Arkowitz et al. (2:19-cv-00172) before the U.S. District Court, Eastern District, at Sacramento, California.
The suit asks a constitutional question that judges fear to answer in public: “May the Parole Board agencies conceal the acquittal reflected in the record without violating the Fifth Amendment prohibition against double jeopardy prosecution?”
New evidence of the jury’s acquittal is reflected in documented declarations, in particular the one dated October 2010, notary stamped: “During deliberations, which commenced March 26, 1973, all 12 jurors agreed that the defendant was not guilty of violating Penal Code 209, Kidnaping for Purposes of Extortion.”
Publicly acknowledged by Donald Trump or his administration, the federal judge presiding would ignore the Democrats’ tainted gag restrictions and honor the acquittal and respect the constitutional law against the corruption complained of. People reading this information may ask: “Why did judges fail to correct the injustice shown to the court?”
My experience with judges leads me to believe that the politicians, Democrats and Republicans, joined White Supremacy organizations in developing and enforcing a duel set of social, economic and political realities, including reactionary dynamics designed to subject the indigent class to slave conditions in ways that our lives do not matter where certain reactionary groups want to play God above the people and above the law.
These corrupted judges, appointed by politicians, focus too much on the Jim Crow restrictions or loopholes upon changing issues showing false convictions that led to unlawful imprisonment and were never allowed to be corrected. How could the Democrats be more concerned with another European government having been told to investigate Biden’s son than in protecting the American people from slavery or terrorism so inhumane it amounts to a death sentence?
Mouthing off in the news about Democrats being better or Republicans being better at making progress or change never justifies the inhuman treatment of the indigent human beings.
The lawsuit shows facts supported by documents that this writer has been in the California state prison system since 1963 on false convictions. That is irrefutable.
When do the voters become aware enough to ask the presidential candidates what about the endless wait for justice by those with wrongful convictions? Like their slave institutions, the prisons, they have no respect for the law.
False convictions leading to imprisonment prove to be a transportation of slavery. Left uncorrected while mouthing off about insignificant facts takes the country into the direction of barbarism.
The political mentality of Democrats and Republicans is deeply institutionalized. It cannot protect what’s under the slave code. The Lincoln administration warned the public that those scared of the rights of life and liberty would come to destroy the Writ of Habeas Corpus, but they would be caught and exposed by those not scared of freedom.
The Jim Crow device represents a white supremacy apartheid where the Constitution applied deception such as a Jim Crow curfew on the indigent subjected to slave labor.
Impeachment of Trump will change nothing. People fed up with damn drunks’ rejecting to think for ourselves will be the ones who bring about change for the better. Voting for the Democrat or Republican outfit to lead will change nothing, will not bring peace to the American hemisphere. Corruption in government as it stands today, the American people are better off not engaging in the presidential election.
Politicians close to the impeachment investigation are aided and abetted by reactionary groups who are hostile to the written Constitution. Any voters showing belief or trust in Republicans or Democrats have a train of misery to catch on its way to hell, with no possibility of parole.
Not knowing your enemy can become a death sentence. Knowing your enemy, but singled out for retribution, can also be fatal – a matter of life imprisonment or death – where there’s a lack of outside support to get your message to public.
Jury acquittal publicly acknowledged will compel the judicial system to honor the process guaranteed by written constitutional laws. The acquittal honored will cause wider investigation into police frameups as far back as 1955. Slave practicing – under color of justice.
Bill Clinton and Joe Biden will have to tell the public what they were thinking white supremacy style when they put restrictions in the law books that would be used by corrupt judges to deny people their right of access to court while committing assault on the jury system, including the prisoners caught up in the slave operation atmosphere.
Readers concerned may convey to community advocate Kim Kardashian that I have been trying to reach her regarding the public acknowledging the acquittal and showing the federal court.
Brother Ruchell Cinque Magee
Send our brother some love and light: Ruchell Cinque Magee, A-92051, B3-278, P.O. Box 8101, San Luis Obispo, CA 93409. Ruchell is the longest held political prisoner in the world, facing every day the wrath and revenge of state and federal authorities for being the sole survivor of the Marin Courthouse Slave Rebellion led by George Jackson’s younger brother Jonathan, then 17, on Aug. 7, 1970, that ended with the deaths of the judge and the other rebels, Jonathan Jackson, James McClain and William Christmas. (Read more at http://www.itsabouttimebpp.com/Political_Prisoners/Release_Ruchell_Cinque_Magee.html.)
Over the decades, Ruchell has told the story of the jury acquittal that should have released him, hoping to find the words that will move someone who can help him win freedom. He is not the only political prisoner in the U.S. TheJerichoMovement.com tells all their stories. Those imprisoned during the Black Panther era are getting old. Don’t let them die in prison! Free ‘em all!
Following is perhaps the last article written by beloved Panther veteran and revolutionary journalist Kiilu Nyasha, a strong supporter of Ruchell. It was published under the headline “Ruchell Magee, longest held political prisoner in the world, heads to parole hearing” on March 2, 2018. Kiilu joined the ancestors on April 10, 2018.
Legendary activist Kiilu Nyasha asks you to join her in demanding freedom for Ruchell Cinque Magee
by Kiilu Nyasha
When you read this letter, please know and understand the following facts:
Ruchell is now 78 [now 80 in 2019] years old and will turn  in March. I have no trouble recalling his age; he’s just two months older than I.
He’s eligible for parole for several reasons, the most obvious of which is the federal three-judge order to release elderly prisoners to reduce the prison population that he points to in the letter. He also notes he’s (probably) the longest-held political prisoner in the world – 54 years!
I met Ruchell Cinque Magee 47 years ago in the holding cell of the Marin County Courthouse in the summer of 1971. Ru was soft-spoken, warm and gentlemanly in typically Southern tradition.
Originally from Franklinton, La., he was falsely charged with “attempted rape” for being with a White girl in KKK territory. He was 16 and sentenced to the infamous Angola State Prison.
On release eight years later, he was banished from the small town of his birth and forced to move to L.A. An only child, his mother died while he was incarcerated and – on information and belief – her house was confiscated, depriving Ru of his inheritance.
I had just returned to California from New Haven, Conn. Already familiar with courtroom injustice, racism and bias against Black defendants witnessed in two capital trials, it didn’t come as a surprise that Ruchell was getting a raw deal in the Marin Courtroom where he was frequently removed for outbursts of sheer frustration.
Ruchell took on the name Cinque after trying to escape his illegal incarceration of seven years – seven years in slavery. An African slave, Cinque, escaped the slave ship Amistad and established the right to escape slavery in Connecticut. In Ru’s own words, “Slavery 400 years ago, slavery today – it’s the same but with a new name.”
When the 17-year-old Jonathan Jackson invaded the Marin Courtroom Aug, 7, 1970, armed to the teeth, Ruchell seized the hour to join the rebellion with William Christmas and James McClain, on trial for assaulting a guard in the wake of the murder of Fred Billingsley, another murder of a Black prisoner. All were shot and killed except Ru, who suffered a serious wound and lay unconscious. For more information on Ruchell and Black August, you can access my blogspot, http://kiilunyasha.blogspot.com/.
Please take the time to write letters to the governor, legislators, lots of editors and online publications, and spread it all over social media. Fifty-four years in prison is outrageous! Let our brother live out his life in relative freedom for goodness sake. As far as I know, Ruchell has never physically assaulted anyone. He is truly a political prisoner.
Study, fast, train, fight: The roots of Black August
This article originally appeared on Liberation School
Exactly 400 years ago, in August 1619, enslaved Africans touched foot in the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States for the first time. The centuries since have seen the development of a racial system more violent, extractive, and deeply entrenched than any other in human history. Yet where there is oppression, there is also resistance. Since 1619, Black radicals and revolutionaries have taken bold collective action in pursuit of their freedom, threatening the fragile foundations of exploitation upon which the United States is built. These heroic struggles have won tremendous victories, but they have also produced martyrs—heroes who have been imprisoned and killed because of their efforts to transform society.
“Black August” is honored every year to commemorate the fallen freedom fighters of the Black Liberation Movement, to call for the release of political prisoners in the United States, to condemn the oppressive conditions of U.S. prisons, and to emphasize the continued importance of the Black Liberation struggle. Observers of Black August commit to higher levels of discipline throughout the month. This can include fasting from food and drink, frequent physical exercise and political study, and engagement in political struggle. In short, the principles of Black August are: “study, fast, train, fight.”
George Jackson and the origins of Black August
George Jackson was a Field Marshal of the Black Panther Party while he was incarcerated in San Quentin Prison in California. Jackson was an influential revolutionary and his assassinations at the hands of a San Quentin prison guard was one of the primary catalysts for the inception of Black August.
A 19-year-old convicted of armed robbery, in 1961 George Jackson was sentenced to a prison term of “1-to-life,” meaning prison administrators had complete and arbitrary control over the length of his sentence. He never lived outside of a prison again, spending the next 11 years locked up (seven and a half years of those in solitary confinement). In those 11 years—despite living in an environment of extreme racism, repression, and state control—George Jackson’s political fire was ignited, and he became an inspiration to the other revolutionaries of his generation.
Jackson was first exposed to radical politics by fellow inmate W.L. Nolen. With Nolen’s guidance, Jackson studied the works of many revolutionaries, including Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin, Mao Tse-Tung, and Frantz Fanon. Nolen, Jackson, and other prisoners dedicated themselves to raising political consciousness among the prisoners and to organizing their peers in the California prison system. They led study sessions on radical philosophy and convened groups like the Third World Coalition and started the San Quentin Prison chapter of the Black Panther Party. Jackson even published two widely read books while incarcerated: Soledad Brother and Blood in My Eye.
Unfortunately, if predictably, these radical organizers soon found themselves in the cross-hairs of the California prison establishment. In 1970, W.L. Nolen—who had been transferred to Soledad prison and planned to file a lawsuit against its superintendent—was assassinated by a prison guard. Days later, George Jackson (also now in Soledad Prison) and fellow radical prisoners Fleeta Drumgo and John Clutchette were accused of killing a different prison guard in retaliation for Nolen’s death. The three were put on trial and became known as the Soledad Brothers.
That year, when it was clear that George Jackson would likely never be released from prison, his 17-year-old brother Jonathan Jackson staged an armed attack on the Marin County Courthouse to demand the Soledad Brothers’ immediate release. Jonathan Jackson enlisted the help of three additional prisoners—James McClain, William Christmas, and Ruchell Magee—during the offensive. Jonathan Jackson, McClain, and Christmas were all killed, while Magee was shot and re-arrested. Ruchell Magee, now 80 years old, is currently one of the longest held political prisoners in the world.
On August 21, 1971, just over a year after the courthouse incident, a prison guard assassinated George Jackson. The facts regarding his death are disputed. Prison authorities alleged that Jackson smuggled a gun into the prison and was killed while attempting to escape. On the other hand, literary giant James Baldwin wrote, “no Black person will ever believe that George Jackson died the way they tell us he did.”
While the particular circumstances of Jackson’s death will likely forever remain contested, two facts are clear: his death was ultimately a political assassination, and his revolutionary imprint can’t be extinguished. Through the efforts and sacrifice of George and Jonathan Jackson, Nolen, McClain, Christmas, Magee and countless other revolutionaries, the 1970s became a decade of widespread organizing and political struggle within prisons. Prisoners demanded an end to racist and violent treatment at the hands of prison guards, better living conditions, and increased access to education and adequate medical care. Tactics in these campaigns included lawsuits, strikes, and mass rebellions. The most notable example may be the Attica Prison rebellion, which occurred in New York State just weeks after George Jackson was murdered. In protest of the dehumanizing conditions they were subjected to, about 1,500 Attica Prison inmates released a manifesto with their demands and seized control of the prison for four days, beginning on September 9, 1971. Under orders from Governor Nelson Rockefeller, law enforcement authorities stormed Attica on September 12 and killed at least 29 incarcerated individuals. None of the prisoners had guns.
This is the context out of which Black August was born in 1979. It was first celebrated in California’s San Quentin prison, where George Jackson, W.L. Nolen, James McClain, Willam Christmas and Ruchell Magee were all once held. The first Black August commemorated the previous decade of courageous prison struggle, as well as the centuries of Black resistance that preceded and accompanied it.
Political prisoners and the prison struggle
Observers of Black August call for the immediate release of all political prisoners in the United States. That the US government even holds political prisoners is a fact they attempt to obscure and deny. In reality, dozens of radicals from organizations such as the Black Panther Party, the Black Liberation Army, the American Indian Movement, and MOVE have been imprisoned for decades as a result of their political activity. As Angela Davis, who was at one time the most high profile political prisoner in the US, explains:
“There is a distinct and qualitative difference between one breaking a law for one’s own individual self-interest and violating it in the interests of a class of people whose oppression is expressed either directly or indirectly through that particular law. The former might be called criminal (though in many instances he is a victim), but the latter, as a reformist or revolutionary, is interested in universal social change. Captured, he or she is a political prisoner… In this country, however, where the special category of political prisoners is not officially acknowledged, the political prisoner inevitably stands trial for a specific criminal offense, not for a political act… In all instances, however, the political prisoner has violated the unwritten law which prohibits disturbances and upheavals in the status quo of exploitation and racism.”
Prisons in the United States are a form of social control which serve to maintain the status quo of oppression. Over the last few decades, prisons have become an increasingly important tool for the US ruling class. Prisons not only quarantine revolutionaries, but also those segments of the population who have become increasingly expendable to the capitalist system as globalized production, deindustrialization, and technological automation decrease the overall need for labor-power. These shifts, which began in earnest in the 1970s, have hit Black, Latino, and Indigenous communities the hardest, as exemplified by the sky high unemployment and incarceration rates those communities face. These groups are also historically the most prone to rebellion. Angela Davis noted in 1971 that as a result of these trends, “prisoners—especially Blacks, Chicanos and Puerto Ricans—are increasingly advancing the proposition that they are political prisoners. They contend that they are political prisoners in the sense that they are largely the victims of an oppressive politico-economic order.”
Though that definition of political prisoner is unorthodox, it illustrates the political and economic nature of criminalization. This is why observers of Black August connect the fight to free “revolutionary” political prisoners to the broader struggle against US prisons. Mass incarceration is a symptom of the same system that political prisoners have dedicated their lives towards fighting.
As increasing numbers of the US working class are “lumpenized,” or pushed out of the formal economy and stable employment, the potential significance of political struggle among the unemployed and incarcerated increases. George Jackson wrote in Blood in My Eye that “prisoners must be reached and made to understand that they are victims of social injustice. This is my task working from within. The sheer numbers of the prisoner class and the terms of their existence make them a mighty reservoir of revolutionary potential.”
George Jackson’s own journey is a perfect example of that revolutionary potential. Jackson didn’t arrive in prison a ready-made revolutionary. He had a history of petty crime and was apolitical during his first years in prison. He would have been dismissed by many people in our society as a “thug.” But comrades who knew that he held the potential inherent in every human being found him and took him in. They helped him understand his personal experiences within the context of capitalism and white supremacy. In turn, George Jackson dedicated his life to doing the same for others incarcerated individuals.
Black August today
August, more than any other month, has historically carried the weight of the Black Liberation struggle. Of course, enslaved Africans were first brought to British North America in August 1619. Just over 200 years later, in August 1831, Nat Turner led the most well-known rebellion of enslaved people in US history. This historical significance carried into the 20th century, when both the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and the Watts Rebellion—an explosive uprising against racist policing in Los Angeles—occurred in August during the 1960s.
Even today, the month remains significant in the struggle. John Crawford, Michael Brown, and Korryn Gaines were three Black Americans who were murdered in high-profile cases of police brutality; Crawford and Brown in August 2014, and Gaines in August 2016. Their deaths have been part of the impetus for a revived national movement against racist police brutality. Finally, on August 27, 2018, the 47 year anniversary of George Jackson’s death, thousands of U.S. prisoners launched a national prison strike. They engaged in work stoppages, hunger strikes, and other forms of protests. The strike lasted until September 9, 47 years after the Attica Prison Uprising began. Like the Attica prisoners, the 2018 prison strike organizers put forth a comprehensive list of demands that exposed the oppression inherent to the U.S. prison system, and laid out a framework to improve their conditions.
Each of these historical and contemporary events reveal a truth that the Black radical tradition has always recognized: there can be no freedom for the masses of Black people within the white supremacist capitalist system. The fight for liberation is just that: a fight. Since its inception in San Quentin, Black August has been an indispensable part of that fight.
In the current political moment, when some misleaders would have us bury the radical nature of Black resistance and instead prop up reformist politics that glorify celebrity, wealth, and assimilation into the capitalist system, Black August is as important as ever. It connects Black people to our history and serves as a reminder that our liberation doesn’t lie in the hands of Black billionaires, Black police officers, or Black Democratic Party officials. Those “Black faces in high places” simply place a friendly face on the system that oppresses the masses of Black people in the United States and around the world, often distorting symbols of Black resistance along the way. Black liberation lies, as it always has, in the hands of the conscious and organized masses. Study, train, fight, and in the words of George Jackson, “discover your humanity and your love of revolution.”
The Black August Slave Rebellion: Every slave has a right to rebel
by Nate Butler
The Black August Rebellion is a month that the California state prisoners fast. They fast in the month of August to pay homage to the fallen comrades.
The Black August Rebellion didn’t start with Brothers Ruchell Magee, Jonathan Jackson or George Jackson. The movement started on the shores of Africa with our ancestors.
Our ancestors were brought here as slaves many years ago on a slaveship named “Jesus.” A lot of our ancestors were killed jumping overboard right into the clutches of hungry sharks. The Europeans killed our ancestors like it was a rite of passage.
Once my ancestors landed on Amerikkkan soil, it was a living hell. Our ancestors were beaten, raped, lynched, humiliated, set on fire. The women had babies cut from their bellies.
This evil slave system took pleasure in diminishing our way of life and spiritual way of living and thinking. For anyone to just say it was a daily struggle would be an insult because they faced cruelty.
I say this statement with honor: “When it comes to acts of insanity Amerikkka is on top of the ladder.” Our ancestors knew to bring about a change would mean death to a lot of them, but with hope in their hearts and death in their face, at the altar of courage and sacrifice many of our ancestors lay.
That fighting spirit was placed in generations of my people who followed. Black August was set into motion under many, many years of resistance. From the Deep South way over to the North and out to California the train of rebels was moving.
Our ancestors knew to bring about a change would mean death to a lot of them, but with hope in their hearts and death in their face, at the altar of courage and sacrifice many of our ancestors lay.
The bloody prison movement came about with a vision and some violence – in other words, Brothers was pushing pen and sword. George Jackson stood out because he was charismatic and very intelligent with strong will power.
We have a lot of beautiful young and old Brothers over here in Pennsylvania prisons who represent them same qualities and stand under that flag. Some of the Brothers are well known because of their great writing skills, but the majority just languish inside these “death camps” with no outside support.
War has been declared on us, our body and mind. And a true general of the struggle knows this war for independence must be fought simultaneously on many different fronts – economically, politically, militarily, psychologically and culturally.
The bloody prison movement came about with a vision and some violence – in other words, Brothers was pushing pen and sword. George Jackson stood out because he was charismatic and very intelligent with strong will power.
We must come together and start holding some Black folks responsible, because some of them don’t care that a temporal war is being waged nor do they identify the oppressor. They willingly sacrifice the body of the nation in exchange for the hope of a spiritual reward in the hereafter.
Or they induce us to believe that the status of our subjugation is a blessing and we should accept that status as our deserved fate. Bullshit! It’s time to put down the plan for our political, social, psychological, and economic independence.
Ruchell Magee of the 1970 Marin Courthouse Rebellion wrote: “To some degree, slavery has always been outlawed and condemned on the outside by the hypocritical mockery of chattering lips. But on the inside, in prisons where slavery is embedded and proudly displayed as a Western way of life and a privilege of God himself, slavery is condoned on all of its numerous levels.”
Nate Butler wrote this long ago – it’s postmarked July 30, 2014, from prison in Coal Township, Penn. Nate doesn’t show up on Pennsylvania’s online inmate locator, so let’s hope he’s free and doing well. And let’s hope that if he learns his story was finally published, he’ll get in touch.
How to commemorate Black August
Though Nate’s letter is two years old, it’s right on time. Every year letters come from people wanting to know more about Black August and how they can commemorate it. They want to know beforehand, not after the end of August. So this year, we’ll inspire you with Nate’s words and instruct you by reprinting passages from another story from the past.
This is the program to follow if you want to commemorate Black August; it is taken from “Getting ready for next Black August: Black August Memorial Commemoration Committees“ by Black August Co-Chairs Adbul Olugbala Shakur, Ifoma Modibo Kambon and Sitawa Nantambu Jamaa, BAMCC Coordinators Akili Shakur (Baltimore) and M. Ajanaku (Chicago), published Aug. 29, 2012. These are the core sections of the Black August Memorial (BAM) program:
“We fast from sunrise to sunset the entire month of August. Those who are not physically able to complete the entire fast can make the necessary adjustments, but fasting is required throughout the month of Black August. There are also four days of resistance, the 1st, 7th, 13th, 21st. On these days we make the ultimate sacrifice. We fast the entire 24 hours on the days of resistance, from midnight to midnight, and we exercise every six hours during that 24-hour period, 12 midnight, 6 in the morning, 12 noon, 6 in the evening and 12 midnight. Being in prison we are able to do this program; out there with school and/or work, each person can modify their program. The exercise every six hours program is optional for those who are not physically capable, but the 24-hour fasting on the four days of resistance are mandatory for those with no health concerns, and exercising at least once a day is mandatory during BAM. We encourage people to exercise between 1 and 6 in the morning.
“Aug. 27 is Flag Day. On this day, everybody participating in BAM will be required to display the Red, Black and Green. The coordinators will teach and/or provide literature on the history of our flag. Each participant will be required to display our flag in front of their homes, apartments, housing projects and businesses, providing that they own the business, as well as a Red, Black and Green bumper sticker on our vehicles. The goal is equally to have our people displaying our flag 365 days a year.
“Black August Resistance (BAR) Forum: At least two to three times a week, the BAM coordinators will hold these forums where they will teach our people about our history of resistance, e.g., Nat Turner, David Walker, Denmark Vesey, Martin Delaney, Harriett Tubman, Gabriel and Nanny Prosser, Tunis Campbell, Marcus Garvey, Robert Williams, Assata Shakur, Malcolm X, George Jackson, Bunchy Carter, Deacons for Defense, Blood Brotherhood, Black Liberation Army, Black Panther Party, Revolutionary Action Movement, just to name a few. Mainstream schools don’t teach this aspect of our history.”
The writers suggest other activities as well – a book fest, a political prisoner letter writing campaign, classes on all sorts of topics, physical fitness competitions, a memorial feast on Aug. 31 and even a beauty pageant – some of which may not be practical in prison.
However you mark Black August, do it. You won’t be alone. The writers outline this history:
“Black August was inspired by the death of our fallen Black dragons Jonathan Jackson, William Christmas and James McClain, murdered by guards and so-called law enforcement on Aug. 7, 1970; W.L. Nolan, Cleveland Edwards and Alvin “Jug” Miller, murdered by a racist prison guard as they defended themselves against an officially-orchestrated racist attack on Jan. 13, 1970 – W.L. Nolan was the leader of the New Afrikan Revolutionary Prison Movement, and Comrade George Jackson was his successor – and then the assassination of George Jackson on Aug. 21, 1971. …
“By 1985 via the Black August Organizing Committee (BAOC), New Afrikan prisoners in at least 60 percent of the U.S. prison system were participating in BAM and there were annual BAM events in Oakland, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Berkeley and Richmond, California, and New York. As we celebrate the 33-year (now 37-year) anniversary of BAM, New Afrikan prisoners in every prison system across the country participate in BAM, and there are BAM events in at least 30 different cities across the country, as well as Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Haiti (before the tragic earthquake), just to name a few.”
Do make sure that this year you honor our comrade and hero lost last Aug. 12, Hugo “Yogi” Pinell. The next chapter of Black August history is yours to write.